The Generation of Earthquake PGA Using Stochastic Finite Fault Method in Alborz Region


Department of civil and surveying engineering, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran


Time-history analysis is defined as a kind of dynamic analysis increasingly used in design of structures and evaluation of existing ones. One of the important issues in the Time-history analysis is selecting earthquake records. In this case, seismic design provisions states that time histories shall have similar source mechanisms, geological and seismological features with region under study. Alborz is one of the highly seismic regions of Iran which records of large events are not sufficiently available. For this reason, the main objective of this research is to modeling strong motion records and comparing those with observed records. For modeling strong motion at a particular site three main elements: regional earthquake source, propagation path effects and local site conditions should consider. In this study stochastic finite fault approach for generation earthquake accelerographs was used. The use of a finite fault model is particularly important in improving the reliability of estimates for large-magnitude events at close distances. Finally after comparing the results, the generated records are found to be consistent with observed records in Alborz region.