Comparison of Geotextile Layers Effects on Static and Dynamic behavior of Pavement

Authors

1 Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Maraghe Branch, Islamic Azad University, Maraghe, Iran.

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

One of the methods for the improvement of soil against the tensile stresses is using the artificial supplements in soil such as metal belts or nets, polymer materials and natural fibers. Technically this method is called the reinforced of soil.  When a pavement is located on soft soil, great deformations can occur as a result of the crossing of traffic load in superstructure layers of the body. This can finally lead to the increase in the cost of maintenance and traffic pause in transportation. The main purpose of this study is to explore the effect of geotextile layers place in various depths of the body of pavement layers located on soft soil. For this purpose, models with the identical geometry from the transection of road using Finite Element Method software, PLAXIS were analyzed in two dimensions in which the location and the number of geotextile layers were considered in various depths. In continue, these models have been under static and dynamic loadings due to vehicles and the settlement rate and the lateral deformation of pavement in section has been evaluated. The results show that in static loading, the maximum safety factor of stability is that of layers in which the geotextile exists in the partition between subgrade and embankment layers. Also, between dynamic loading and increasing number of geotextile layers favorable result is not achieved. Although more studies need to be carried out in this area.

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