Comparison of plasticity and stiffness of steel shear walls with composite steel plate shear wall

Authors

1 PhD of Civil Engineering-Structure, Faculty member. A. Department of Civil Engineering, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.

2 MS of Civil Engineering-Structure. A. Department of Civil Engineering, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University Shiraz, Iran.

Abstract

The steel shear wall and composite steel plate shear wall is introduced in recent three decade and is considered and is spread rapidly. Composite steel plate shear wall which is made of a layer of thin steel sheet with coating of reinforced concrete in one or both sides of steel palate is considered a third generation of resistance shear walls against lateral loads that in addition to increasing the strength, ductility and energy absorption, it is very economical and affordable and it is used in constructing high buildings, retrofitting buildings and tanks. In this paper we have tried to examine the seismic behavior of steel and composite shear walls. For this purpose several models of steel shear and composite walls from one to five stories were constructed and analyzed by Abaqus software. The result show that composite steel plate shear walls has more ability to absorb energy, spread produced stress to different parts of the steel plate and ductile than steel shear walls. The curve hysteresis loop of composite steel palate shear walls is more stable and sustainable than steel shear wall. With increasing the number of stories, the initial strength and stiffness is decreased due to increase in lateral shift but the amount of absorbing energy and ductility is increased. The force tolerance in composite steel plate shear wall models is increased in comparison with steel shear walls

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